Sep 15, 2021
US patent issued for DEP® cabazitaxel nanoparticle (ASX Announcement)
Melbourne, Australia; 15 September 2021: Starpharma (ASX: SPL, OTCQX: SPHRY) today announced that the US Patent and Trademark Office has granted a new patent in relation to DEP® cabazitaxel. The composition of matter patent builds on Starpharma’s suite of existing international DEP® patents for the product. It specifically covers a DEP® dendrimer conjugated to multiple cabazitaxel drug molecules via a particular releasable linker, with a patent term to 2039 and the potential for a further 5 year extension. The DEP® cabazitaxel nanoparticle is currently in late phase 2 clinical development, recruiting patients with solid tissue tumours, including prostate, ovarian and gastro-oesophageal cancers.
DEP® cabazitaxel is a proprietary nanoparticle version of leading prostate cancer drug cabazitaxel (Jevtana®), which had global sales of US$536 million in 2020.
DEP® cabazitaxel is an aqueous nanoparticle formulation which has a number of advantages compared to the original formulation of cabazitaxel. DEP® cabazitaxel is a water soluble, polysorbate-80 (detergent)-free formulation, with no requirement for pre-treatment with steroids nor G-CSF to reduce the risk of severe bone marrow toxicity. In both preclinical and clinical studies, DEP® cabazitaxel has shown an improved side effect profile, notably markedly reduced bone marrow toxicity demonstrated by lower rates of severe neutropenia, thrombocytopenia and severe anaemia, which are all experienced by a significant proportion of patients treated with Jevtana®.
Starpharma has completed a phase 1 trial of DEP® cabazitaxel in patients with solid tissue tumours where efficacy signals were observed including in patients with prostate, gastro-oesophageal, breast, ovarian, cholangiocarcinoma and pancreatic cancer. Patients in the phase 1 trial were treated with up to 15 cycles of DEP® cabazitaxel with no steroid, antihistamine or anti-emetic pre-treatment. Patients experienced significantly lower levels of side effects commonly associated with Jevtana® such as bone marrow toxicity (neutropenia, anaemia, thrombocytopenia) anorexia and vomiting. There were no cases of hypersensitivity; no cases of hair-loss; no need for anti-nausea medications.
Starpharma’s phase 2 trial of DEP® cabazitaxel is well advanced with more than 40 patients treated with multiple cycles of DEP® cabazitaxel in which the markedly reduced rates of severe / life-threatening bone marrow toxicity and a lack of severe hypersensitivity continues to be demonstrated. In the trial, encouraging efficacy signals have been observed in multiple tumour types, including in prostate cancer where radiological responses, significant reductions in prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and no new bone metastases were observed. These encouraging efficacy signals were observed despite patients having been heavily pre-treated - with an average of 30 prior cycles of treatment, and in some cases with more than 100 cycles and up to 10 different treatment regimens. In addition to the responses described above in prostate cancer, patients treated with DEP® cabazitaxel have also exhibited encouraging efficacy signals in gastro-oesophageal, ovarian, cholangiocarcinoma, lung, and head and neck cancers.
Starpharma Chief Executive, Dr Jackie Fairley, commented: “The grant of this new US patent illustrates the unique and compelling benefits of Starpharma’s DEP® drug delivery technology and DEP® cabazitaxel. We look forward to completing the phase 2 clinical program for DEP® cabazitaxel, in parallel with commercial discussions with potential licensing partners.”
DEP® cabazitaxel was developed using the Company’s proprietary DEP® drug delivery platform, which is being used by Starpharma and a number of partners to create novel nanoparticle formulations of existing and new drugs to enhance both their therapeutic and commercial value. DEP® drug delivery is applicable to a wide range of drugs, in oncology (including radiopharmaceuticals and ADCs) and other therapeutic areas. In addition to developing its own internal pipeline of DEP® assets, Starpharma has several DEP® commercial partnerships with companies, including AstraZeneca, Chase Sun and Merck & Co., Inc., to develop DEP® versions of their products or ADCs, including AstraZeneca’s DEP® AZD0466, a Bcl2/xL inhibitor that is currently in clinical development with a global trial in haematological tumours commencing earlier this year.
Starpharma’s proprietary dendrimer-based DEP® platform has broad commercial applicability in drug delivery by enhancing the therapeutic utility of drugs through improved solubility, efficacy and pharmacokinetic control, reductions in certain toxicities (e.g. bone marrow toxicity) and creating a unique intellectual property position. The novel DEP® platform has shown reproducible advantages across a wide range of drug classes and can be utilised with both small molecule drugs, peptides and proteins, and in the development of unique DEP® based ADCs, radiotherapies and radiodiagnostics.
- Improving efficacy
- Improving therapeutic index
- Reducing toxic side effects of drugs
- Enhanced and controllable pharmacokinetics
- Tumour targeting
- Increased aqueous solubility, avoiding the need for toxic excipients (e.g. polysorbate-80) thus reducing the need for steroid pre-treatment
- Delivering a variety of payloads (small molecules, proteins, radio-isotopes)
- Creation of new intellectual property
Starpharma has three phase 2 clinical stage DEP® assets, multiple preclinical DEP® programs, and has applied its DEP® technology in partnership with pharmaceutical companies for many different applications (passive and targeted ADC and radiotheranostics) and diseases (oncology and non-oncology applications).
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